By John J. Enright, Partner
Personal Safety, LLC.
Celebrities, VIPs, high-ranking corporate executives and politicians are often seen in public surrounded by burly men with stern looks, dark shades and earpieces. In the executive protection business, we refer to this as “close protection”. In my former career as a United States Secret Service Agent – assigned for several years to the Presidential Protection Division at the White House – close protection of our “protectee” was just one facet of the multi-layered protocols used to safeguard elected officials and heads of state...
This video illustrates that many predators have a predetermined plan for how they intend to subdue their victim. If the intended victim is able to disrupt the plan somehow, it may be enough to cause the predator to break off the assault.
BOOK RECOMENDATION: On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill - By Lt. Col. Dave Grossman
Tony Blauer on the Startle/Flinch Response
Honor never grows old, and honor rejoices the heart of age. It does sobecause honor is, finally, about defending those noble and worthy things that deserve defending, even if it comes at a high cost...
This situation, while clearly not self-defense, begins with the combatants first attempting to deter the fight with the use of intimidation. Intimidation is not an effective means to prevent a fight. It does however, provide the opportunity to mentally prepare, and send adrenaline to the body for action.
The shorter attacker, reacts instantly to the trigger to act (in this situation, the trigger to act may have been nothing more than the blink of the eye of the opponent, or it may have been an internal a mental trigger) and lands a knockout blow. Given the closeness of the combatants, and the fact that they both had their hands down, either one had the ability to land a knockout blow.
An important point to keep in mind is that if you are the one who is struck first, then you should immediately expect an incoming followup strike from your opponent. If you are the one who strikes first, then you need to followup with additional strikes.
- E. Kondo
A Gang Of Four Mercilessly Beats Wheelchair-Bound Double Amputee- Sue Turner Minneapolis (CBS) ―
A Minneapolis man -- a wheelchair-bound double amputee and paraplegic -- has been fighting for his life for more than a week after being mercilessly beaten by four street hoods whose apparent motivation was more the thrill of violence than the theft his money.D'Arcy Washington, 33, was repeatedly beaten with a tire iron on at 11:15 p.m. Oct. 11 near the intersection of Ontario and Lyndale after he parked his truck on the I-94 service road near Loring Park in Minneapolis. A witness' 911 call probably meant the difference between life and death for the father of six children. Police describe the suspects as four African American males ranging in age from 18 to 30.
12:14 am EST November 15, 2007UPDATED: 6:38 am EST November 15, 2007FAIRFAX
COUNTY, Va. -- At least one, possibly two, sexual predators were on the loose in Fairfax County on Wednesday night, police said.Wednesday morning, a man wearing a ski mask attacked a woman. On Wednesday night, police said the same man may have carried out several more attacks across Northern Virginia.An 18-year-old woman said she was assaulted while walking on Industrial Road at about 5:45 a.m. The Springfield-area victim was approached from behind by a man. (Selection of Victim) She said he forced her off the road (Physical Attack) and into a remote area, where he sexually assaulted her (Completion of the Crime).
The right of self-defense (also called alter ego defense, defense of others, defense of a third person) is the right for civilians acting on their own behalf to engage in violence for the sake of defending one's own life or the lives of others, including the use of deadly force.
Use of reasonable force (as compared with the attacker's force) in protection of one's person, family, property, or anyone else against attempted or threatened attack. Legal doctrine of self defense justifies a preemptive action taken in the reasonable belief of immediate danger, without making any retreat, and may (specially in case of provocation) condone killing of the perpetrator of a murderous attack.
- Goldsmith, Oliver
An example what happens when the self-defense stages of DETER and DISRUPT are not followed up by DISENGAGE.
In this situation, the caribou after a well executed DETER & DISRUPT, lost sight of the fact that the immediate goal of self-defense is to DISENGAGE. It appears that even caribou suffer from over confidence, and are consumed by the desires of the "ego". Although, it is possible that the caribou having faught countless battles of domination with other male caribou, "forgot" that unlike his usual combatant, the bear's immediate goal was to eat him.
- E. Kondo
PHOENIX -- Below is a release by the Phoenix Police Department regarding an attempted sexual assault: The crime occurred at approximately 2:00 a.m. when the victim was driving in the area of 59th Avenue and Glendale. The suspects struck her vehicle with their own, then fired a weapon at her (Selection of Victim). As she attempted to flee they followed her down the access road at 59th Avenue and Campbell where she entered a dead end. Her car was blocked in and the suspects forcibly pulled her from her car (Physical Attack) and tried to force her into their van. She fought them (DISRUPT) and was subsequently thrown to the ground and her clothes partially removed. The suspects attempted to sexually assault her (Physical Attack) and she continued to fight as she was being physically assaulted. (DISRUPT) She broke free (DISENGAGE) and was confronted by the second suspect who was in the victim's vehicle. It was at this time that investigators believe the suspects were interrupted by nearby citizens and fled the crime scene (Completion of the Crime) in their own vehicle. The victim sustained serious, but not life threatening injuries (After Effects)
BOOK RECOMENDATION: Sharpening the Warriors Edge: The Psychology & Science of Training - Bruce Siddle
The following section of the article on the OODA Loop can be used to interpret the chaos of the fight depicted in the video clip.
"The key is to obscure your intentions and make them unpredictable to your opponent while you simultaneously clarify his intentions. That is, operate at a faster tempo to generate rapidly changing conditions that inhibit your opponent from adapting or reacting to those changes and that suppress or destroy his awareness. Thus, a hodgepodge of confusion and disorder occur to cause him to over- or under-react to conditions or activities that appear to be uncertain, ambiguous, or incomprehensible."
In the video, the assailant obscures his intentions with verbal banter. His use of verbal banter causes his victim to also engage in verbal banter. The victim enters a verbal banter OODA feedback loop. Once the assailant determined that the victim was stuck in a verbal loop, he changed the tempo to a physical attack. The victim, still struck in verbal mode, under-reacts, and is easily defeated.
- E. Kondo
6:35 am EST November 8, 2007UPDATED: 8:48 am EST November 8, 2007NEW YORK --
New York City police said a deli owner being robbed at gunpoint refused the man's demands and struck him with a machete (DISRUPT), slicing off a finger and wounding him in the head and arm. Police said the 28-year-old alleged robber was taken to Jamaica Hospital, where he was listed in serious but stable condition Wednesday night. Police have not released his name.The man had a 40-caliber semi-automatic and fired twice during the holdup in Woodhaven, Queens, according to police.
IN THE NEWS: Man in a Wheelchair Disarmed and Fatally Shot a Home Intruder with the Intruder's Own Gun.
Article Launched: 10/26/2007 05:42:27 AM MDT
DALLAS—Dallas police say a man in a wheelchair disarmed and fatally shot a home intruder with the intruder's own gun.
The shooting happened just before 3 a.m. Friday at the man's apartment in the Village Oaks Apartments in the Fruitdale neighborhood, south of downtown Dallas.
Investigators say the man was able to wrestle the gun away from the intruder and shoot him. The suspected burglar died a short time later at Baylor University Medical Center.
No identities have been released. Police say the case will be submitted to a Dallas County grand jury for review, but no charges will be filed.
The Myth of Self-Defense
The Rules for Self-Defense
Pain and Fear
Ferocity & Aggression
Energies of Fighting
Ranges of Combat
Attributes of a Good Fighter
The Best Fighter Wins the Fight
Now, I am not going to tell you NOT to buy a gun or pepper spray. But, before you purchase a gun, or any other "self-protection" device, I urge you to read this first!
Grasha Lansing State JournalEAST LANSING -
Police are looking for a man they say attacked a Michigan State University student Monday night as she walked along the campus river trail.The 26-year-old woman was listening to her iPod, (Selection of Victim) when the man grabbed her neck from behind (Physical Attack), according to MSU police. The incident happened at about 9:15 p.m. She then grabbed the man's right arm and threw him to the ground. When he tried to stand up, she struck him and kicked him in the groin (DISRUPT), police said. The woman, who was not injured, then ran to her car (DISENGAGE), drove home and called police (DEBRIEF).
This video demonstrates how a simple fight can easily escalate into a stabbing. In this instance, it appears that the "victim", although willing to brandish his knife, was not necessarily prepared to use it. The result was disastrous for him.
The victim displays the knife in classic "come on!" fashion (arms out from body with chest forward). His assailant immediate raises and lowers his arms as if to say calmly "hey man, what's up with the knife?". This gesture is an act of deception designed to lull the victim into inaction.
The "lull" is the assailant's trigger to act. He explosively uses his right arm to pressure and trap the knife hand, while executing a disrupting strike with his left arm. The "victim", mentally unprepared for immediate action, is stunned and drops the knife.
The victim, unaware of the danger of other assailants, grapples with the first assailant. After executing the single stab, the assailants DISENGAGE from the scene with complete commitment.
* Self-defense is not about carrying a knife.
* Self-defense is not about threatening with a knife.
* Self-defense is about have the willingness to do "what it takes" to defend yourself.
I don't buy the reasoning ...
This video demonstrates why many of the skills developed by traditional martial arts sparring do not transfer to self-defense. The victim, showed good offensive and defensive aggression, when sparring in a controlled setting, against an opponent he was mentally prepared to "fight".
But when he is assaulted by a "surprise" attacker in a manner similar to a street attack, he is defenseless. After receiving the initial strike, he falls to the ground, and does nothing to defend himself against the attacker's followup kicks.
The referee attacker, despite years of traditional karate, finishes his victim with a soccer kick to the face, and a stomp to head in true "street fighter" fashion.
BALL GROUND, Ga. — A woman who was raped and beaten by an old acquaintance fought back, stabbing her attacker to death when he threatened to rape her 6-year-old daughter.
Deputies arrived at the woman's Cherokee County home Sunday night to find Gerald A. Lee, 38, lying dead in the backyard. The woman, whose name is being withheld because she was the victim of a sexual assault, told police Lee broke into the house wearing a ski mask and carrying a shotgun.
Capt. Ron Hunton with the Cherokee County Police said Lee beat the woman with the gun and raped her, then told her that he would move on to her daughter next. He had locked the daughter in the closet of the room where he raped the woman.
When Lee began rummaging through the woman's purse, she ran to the kitchen and grabbed a butcher knife. She fought with Lee, stabbing him several times, Hunton said.
At one point, the attacker threw a pot of boiling tea from the stove on her, Hunton said.
During the fight, Lee went out the back door and then re-entered the house by breaking a window, Hunton said. The woman and Lee fought again in the living room and the hallway, where she stabbed him several more times.
Lee crawled through the house into the back yard and died.
The woman was stabbed several times during the struggle. She was airlifted to Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta where she underwent surgery Monday and remained in serious but stable condition Tuesday, Hunton said.
The daughter was not injured.
Cherokee County Sheriff Roger Garrison said Lee and the woman went to the same high school about 20 years ago and apparently lost touch through the years. They bumped into each other a few weeks ago.
Garrison said investigators are waiting for the results of toxicology tests that he believes could show Lee was on drugs — perhaps methamphetamine.
Fla. -- An Oviedo post office employee was attacked and stabbed Friday morning. Now police are searching for the two men who did it.The employee was sleeping in his truck (Selection of Victim) an hour before his shift started, when the men pulled him out of the truck. (Physical Attack) The stabbed postal service clerk drove himself to the hospital (After effects) and the men who tried to rob him have not been caught. That same military mentality he developed in the Navy perhaps helped save his life (DECIDE) Friday morning. He said he was taking a nap in his 1959 Chevy pickup when the men attacked him."Two people came up and pulled me out of the truck and accosted me. I just started fighting back, punching, kicking, yelling, whatever it took," (DISRUPT) he explained. Before he knew it, he was on the ground bleeding from two stab wounds. Whoever attacked him ran away (DISENGAGE)."They didn't take any money. They didn't take the truck," he said."Survival is what you're thinking about. I wasn't gonna stand still," he said. (DEBRIEF)
TUCKER, Ga. -- Quick thinking by a DeKalb County teenager may have saved her life, police said Monday.
Two men tried to kidnap the girl near Tucker Middle School Monday night, police said.
The 14-year-old was on her way home from dance practice (Selection of Victim) when a black van pulled up, and the men tried to grab her (Physical Attack), Police said, adding that the girl got away when she stabbed one of the men in the arm with a pencil (DISRUPT). The girl was not seriously hurt, police said.>
POSTED: 10:37 pm EST January 15, 2007UPDATED: 1:44 pm EST January 16, 2007
A 31-year-old Central Florida man accused of hanging a woman from a tree and videotaping her torture and rape was attempting to create a bondage-porn video for cash after recently declaring bankruptcy, police told Local 6 News.Deputies said Christopher Joseph Wood brought a woman to a river bank in a wooded area west of Interstate 95 in Brevard County and attacked her."Once they were out in the wooded area he proceeded to force sex on her and then he used a knife to kind of keep her under his control," Brevard County sheriff's Officer Marlin Buggs said.
Groupthink in the martial arts: A Kiai Master offers a 5000 dollar challenge that he can beat any MMA fighter.
Kiai Master vs MMA
The difference between fighting and self-defense
October 23, 2007 -- Suffolk County police say a feisty Long Island store clerk refused a gunman's demands for money and instead chased him out with an ax. The suspect entered the Southhaven Convenience store shortly after 8 p.m. Saturday, wearing a mask and demanding money.The clerk - 5-foot-4 Hafize Sahim (Ha-feeze Sa-HEEM) - retrieved the ax from under the counter and began swinging it, chasing the man out of the store empty-handed. The 27-year-old Sahim told reporters Tuesday that she thought the gun was a fake, which is why she fought back.
BY ETHAN ROUEN and MICHAEL WHITE DAILY NEWS STAFF WRITERS Thursday, November 15th 2007, 4:00 AM
A brave 9-year-old girl (Seletion of Victim) fought off a sicko who grabbed her (Physical Attack) in Brooklyn Wednesday by biting his hand and running for help, cops said. The girl was walking from Public School 299 on Woodbine St. in Bushwick to a nearby community center when she was attacked about 3:15 p.m., authorities said. The man grabbed the girl from behind near Bushwick Ave. and Madison St., put his hand around her neck and tried to drag her off, cops said. But she chomped on his left hand (DISRUPT) and he bolted (DISENGAGE), they said.
The model is used to make the concepts of assault easier to understand and defend against.
Every situation of assault is different. Therefore the model is merely a flexible guide for providing insight into the criminal mind and behavior.
1. Motivation to Commit a Crime
2. Selection of Victim
3. Physical Attack
4. Completion of the Crime
5. After Effects
In this stage, the predator decides to commit a particular crime. The magnitude of the aggressors motivation will determine the level of response necessary for self-defense.
* The steps of DECIDE and DETER are designed to reduce the aggressors motivation level.
The predator actively chooses a victim for his crime. Part of this stage is the "interview process". The predator interacts with a potential victim to determine suitability for attack.
* The use of DETER is designed to convey to the aggressor to look elsewhere for a potential victim.
The predator initiates a physical attack on the victim. The physical attack requires the opportunity to attack in the form of close proximity to the intended victim.
* Effective use of DETER will deny the aggressor the ability and/or opportunity to launch a physical attack.
* The actions of DISRUPT are intended to foil the physical attack.
This stage is the resulting consequences and after effects of aggression on the victim.
* The goal of self-defense is to minimize the After effects.
The 5 D’s divides the entire spectrum of self-defense into five
distinct stages. These stages are defined by the five steps of the
strategy of DECIDE DETER DISRUPT DISENGAGE DEBRIEF.
self-defense. It is made up of planning, education, acceptance, training,
conditioning, avoidance, and strategy.
Decide not to be a victim. Use preparation and planning prior to
an act of aggression. Learn about crime and criminal behavior.
Train to respond to all forms of aggression. Practice avoidance and risk reduction. Acknowledge the existence of risk. Condition your body and mind for the realities of violence.
Therefore, I say:
Know your enemy and
in a hundred battles,
you will never be
- Sun Tzu The Art of War
Deter and prevent an act of aggression. Learn how to de-escalate a confrontation. Project confidence with body language. Be assertive. Practice situational awareness.
Respond to the warnings of intuition. Create safety zones. Utilize boundary setting. Deceive when necessary. Build readiness. Determine Confirmation of Bad Intention.
Disrupt the aggressor. Respond to the Trigger to Act. Foil his plans. Apply verbal and/or physical techniques. Use tactics such as the employment of weapons of opportunity. Execute a decisive strategy. Attack the attacker. Utilize any means available. Create the Opportunity to
Escape in order to disengage.
Disengage and get away from the aggressor. Respond the Opportunity to Escape. Create an ending. Carryout an exit strategy. Cause the aggressor to break off his actions. Evade and escape. Terminate the aggressor’s ability to engage and cause harm. Flee to safety. Get out of there.
effects of an assault. The ultimate purpose of self-defense is to minimize the long term consequences and the aftermath of aggression. This concept includes creating peace of mind.
Debrief and discuss the consequences of aggression. Reduce the after effects. Promote physical and emotional healing. Get legal advice. Seek support and assistance. Learn resilience.